female infertility

Female Infertility: Causes & Treatment


Female infertility is a complex medical condition that affects numerous women worldwide.

The inability to conceive can be emotionally challenging and can have a significant impact on an individual or a couple’s life.

This article investigates the origins, symptoms, and treatment options for female infertility using the most recent scientific data. We hope to provide helpful insights based on facts, numbers, and reputable sources by putting light on this topic.

Understanding Female Infertility:

Female infertility refers to a woman’s failure to conceive after actively trying for a year or more. Hormonal imbalances, anatomical abnormalities, ovulatory problems, age-related reduction in fertility, and other underlying health concerns can all contribute to it.

Female Infertility Causes:

a) Hormonal Imbalances: Hormonal disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can disrupt normal ovulation and impair fertility.

b) Structural Abnormalities: Conditions like uterine fibroids, polyps, or abnormalities in the fallopian tubes can hinder the fertilization process.

c) Ovulatory Disorders: Irregular or absent ovulation can be caused by conditions like hypothalamic dysfunction, premature ovarian failure, or thyroid disorders.

d) Age-related Decline: As women age, the quality and quantity of their eggs decrease, leading to a decline in fertility.

e) Other Health Conditions: Conditions such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or certain genetic disorders can contribute to infertility.

Symptoms of Female Infertility:

While infertility itself may not exhibit specific symptoms, underlying conditions associated with infertility may manifest as:

  • a) Irregular menstrual cycles or absence of menstruation.
  • b) Painful or heavy periods.
  • c) Pelvic pain or discomfort.
  • d) Hormonal fluctuations, including excessive facial hair growth or acne in cases of PCOS. e) Recurrent miscarriages or failed pregnancies.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Medical Evaluation:

A thorough medical history, physical examination, and tests such as blood hormone level assessments, ultrasound imaging, hysterosalpingography, or laparoscopy can help identify the underlying cause of infertility.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART):

In vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or other ART techniques may be recommended depending on the specific fertility issue.

Hormonal Therapy:

Medications can be prescribed to regulate ovulation or address hormonal imbalances.


Surgical procedures can correct structural abnormalities or remove blockages in the reproductive organs.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and avoiding smoking or excessive alcohol consumption, can positively impact fertility.

Psychological Support and Coping Strategies:

Infertility can be emotionally taxing for individuals and couples. Seeking support from mental health professionals, support groups, or counseling services can help manage the stress and emotional challenges associated with infertility.

Treatment of Female Infertility in Ayurveda:

Ayurveda, an ancient school of medicine, has several techniques for treating female infertility. While Ayurvedic remedies aim to restore balance and overall health, it is crucial to emphasise that there is little scientific evidence to support their efficacy.

Let’s look at some common Ayurvedic therapies for female infertility:

Role of Panchakarma in dealing with Female Infertility:

Panchakarma is a detoxification and rejuvenation therapy in Ayurveda. It involves a series of therapeutic procedures to cleanse the body and eliminate toxins.

Panchakarma aims to restore the balance of doshas (vital energies) and thus helps to cure female infertility by improving reproductive health.

Herbal Medicines:

Ayurvedic practitioners often prescribe herbal formulations that are believed to have a positive impact on female fertility.

Some commonly used herbs include Ashwagandha, Shatavari, Lodhra, Guduchi, and Yashtimadhu. These herbs are believed to support hormonal balance, improve reproductive function, and enhance overall fertility.

Dietary Modifications:

Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of a balanced diet for promoting reproductive health. Ayurvedic practitioners may recommend specific dietary modifications based on the individual’s constitution (dosha) and imbalances.

This can include incorporating nourishing foods, avoiding processed foods, and maintaining a healthy body weight.

Lifestyle Changes:

Ayurveda recognizes the impact of lifestyle factors on fertility. Practitioners may suggest adopting stress-reducing techniques such as yoga, meditation, and pranayama (breathing exercises). Additionally, adequate sleep, regular exercise, and avoiding excessive physical and mental strain are considered important for supporting reproductive health.

Ayurvedic Therapies:

Ayurvedic therapies such as Abhyanga (therapeutic oil massage), Swedana (herbal steam therapy), and Basti (herbal enema) are thought to improve reproductive health.

These therapies seek to balance the doshas, increase circulation, and promote overall health and well-being.

While Ayurvedic treatments for female infertility are based on the system’s principles, they must be approached with caution and under the supervision of experienced Ayurvedic practitioners.

Furthermore, it is critical to visit with a reproductive doctor or fertility expert in order to have a thorough evaluation and examine all treatment alternatives.

Conclusion :

However, according to the most recent scientific data or study on female infertility, around 17.5% of the adult population – roughly 1 in 6 worldwide – is infertile, demonstrating the critical need to enhance access to inexpensive, high-quality fertility care for those in need.

According to the survey, there is little variance in the prevalence of infertility between locations. The rates for high-, middle-, and low-income nations are comparable, demonstrating that this is a major worldwide health challenge4.

Female infertility is caused by a variety of reasons, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, tubal blockage, ovarian failure, uterine fibroids, age, obesity, sexually transmitted infections (STDs), and lifestyle factors.

Female infertility treatment is determined by the underlying cause and may include hormonal therapy, surgery, and assisted reproductive technology (ART) such as IVF.

The global infertility market and infertility services industry are predicted to develop significantly by 2030 as a result of rising demand for fertility treatments, technical advancements, increased awareness and acceptance of ART, and favourable reimbursement policies.

However, the high expense of reproductive therapies, social stigma, restricted availability, and ethical concerns continue to be significant impediments for many people seeking infertility care.
A review of Female Infertility; important etiological factors and management

However, there is insufficient scientific data to support the efficacy of these treatments. When dealing with infertility, it is best to consult with trained practitioners and adopt a multidisciplinary strategy that mixes Ayurveda with modern medical practises.

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